Alternative Medicine Brandon - The levels of blood glucose means sugar or glucose present within the blood. The body maintains a regular range of blood glucose between 3.6 - 5.8 mM and likewise represented as mmol/L which literally translates to millimoles/liter. The range could likewise be measured as 64.8-104.4 mg/dL. As part of the metabolic homeostasis, the human body tightly regulates blood glucose levels.
The body's main source of energy for its cells is glucose, whilst the blood lipids which are in the forms of fats and oils, provide a compact energy store. The bloodstream transports glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. The hormone insulin makes the glucose accessible for cell absorption. Insulin is primarily produced in the body by the pancreas.
For human beings, the standard normal level of blood glucose is nearly 4mM or 4mmol/L or 72 mg/dL, which is in milligrams/decilitre. During the day it is common for the levels of blood glucose to fluctuate. Generally, levels of glucose are lowest during the morning previous to breakfast. The reading is referred to often as "the fasting level." Levels usually increase after meals for a couple of hours. When blood sugar levels fall outside of the normal range, this can be an indicator of a medical condition. If the level is persistently high, it is called hyperglycemia and conversely, levels that are low are considered to be hypoglycaemia.
The major hallmark of Diabetes mellitus is persistent hyperglycemia. This particular disease is the most prominent of all diseases connected to the failure to regulate blood sugar. Severe stress, trauma, myocardial infarction, sickness, surgery or stroke can also cause temporarily elevated blood sugar levels. An initial rise in blood sugar can also occur due to drinking alcohol, though later it tends to cause levels to decline.
If blood sugar levels decline very low, hypoglycaemia develops. This is a potentially fatal condition. Symptoms of hypoglycaemia comprise lethargy, impaired mental functioning, irritability, twitching, loss of consciousness, sweating, aggressive or paranoid mentality, and weakness in leg and arm muscles, pale complexion and possibly even brain damage. Appetite is suppressed over the short term if levels remain very high. Amongst the long-term health conditions related with diabetes can occur due to long-term hyperglycemia. Health problems may consist of nerve damage, heart disease, and kidney and eye damage.
Low Blood Sugar
To be able to prevent really serious consequences of inadequate glucose, mechanisms which restore adequate levels of glucose post hypoglycaemia must be effective and quick. If not treated, hypoglycaemia may cause unsteadiness, confusion and in the extreme, coma. It is much more dangerous to have very little amounts of glucose in the blood than too much, at least on a temporary basis.
In healthy individuals, blood glucose-regulating mechanisms are typically somewhat effectual. Generally, symptomatic hypoglycaemia is present just in diabetics making use of pharmacological treatment or insulin. The severity and swiftness of hypoglycaemic episodes can vary significantly between people. In severe instances, prompt medical assistance is immediately required because damage to tissues and brain damage and probably even death can be caused by significantly low blood-glucose levels.
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